The State Party report doesn’t determine any government mechanisms that tackle discrimination towards women. The one civil society entity that the government cites as dedicated to promoting women’s rights in Turkmenistan is the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan. The full name of this organization, the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan-Gurbansultan-Eje displays the group’s inherent bias. This strongly means that the Women’s Union, like many other organizations claimed to be nongovernmental, is tied to the government and is unlikely to supply unbiased assessment or advocacy on behalf of girls. Today, state officials must endure genealogy checks to make sure that they’re “racially pure.”In latest years, Niyazov eliminated Russian as a national language of Turkmenistan.

Islam and its historical past in Turkmenistan

In the previous decade, the Turkmen government has reduced compulsory schooling from eleven years to nine years. The authorities’s closure of many of the nation’s Russian faculties has further resulted in a decline within the quality of training. President Niyazov bears considerable responsibility for translating such stereotypes into official policy. The President’s proclamations have the potential to hold the force of regulation, and his opinions on issues starting from faculty uniforms to the staffing of rural health clinics can turn into nationwide policy with none engagement of the political course of or judicial evaluate.


Protestant Christian adherents are affected, along with teams corresponding to Jehovah’s Witnesses, Bahá’í, and Hare Krishna. Jehovah’s Witnesses have been fined, imprisoned and suffered beatings for his or her faith or because of being conscientious objectors.

The man who answered the cellphone of the pinnacle of Ashgabat’s Police 6th Department, which supposedly counters severe crime but in addition punishes the exercise of freedom of religion or belief, put the telephone down on 16 January as quickly as Forum 18 started asking about raids, detentions and house searches. Police raided a Christmas gathering of Protestant women in a village in Turkmenistan’s eastern Lebap Region on 26 December 2019. Officers searched the home, seized telephones and questioned the ladies on the police station. In early January 2020, police summoned the women one after the other, forced them to write statements, and took their pictures and fingerprints. Protestant women celebrating Christmas are the latest victims of police raids on worship meetings.

Fortune – U.S. Department of State Global Women’s Mentoring Partnership

The full independence of Turkmenistan was recognised by a UN General Assembly resolution “The permanent neutrality of Turkmenistan” of 12 December 1995. As a result, in 2005 Turkmenistan would downgrade its links with the Commonwealth of Independent States becoming solely an associate member under article 8 of the CIS constitution, as such it might not participate in any of the army structures of the CIS. Niyazov promoted a coverage of strict neutrality in foreign affairs, refraining from looking for membership in NATO or GUAM and virtually ignoring the CSTO. Turkmenistan has not participated in any United Nations peacekeeping missions. Niyazov continued the outdated follow of demanding yearly quotas in agricultural output, and then blaming and/or sacking deputy ministers when quotas weren’t met.

Besides the “Ak Altyn” resort is the “Turkmen State Circus”

Representative Chris Smith acknowledged, however, “The reforms that were instituted by the Niyazov regime over the previous 12 months did not go far sufficient, and even the report itself states that severe violations of non secular freedom proceed.” U.S. Turkmenistan’s authorities stresses its secular nature and its support of freedom of non secular perception, as embodied in the 1991 Law on Freedom of Conscience and on Religious Organizations within the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic and institutionalized within the 1992 constitution. In addition, the federal government reserves itself the proper to appoint and dismiss anybody who teaches non secular matters or who’s a member of the clergy. Throughout the centuries, the territory of current-day Turkmenistan has been subjected to quite a few civilizations, corresponding to Persian empires, the conquest of Alexander the Great, Muslims, Mongols, Turkic peoples, and Russians.

Armenians, Azeris, and different ethnic teams comprise the remaining 5.1 percent. The majority faith is Sunni Muslim, and Russian Orthodox Christians represent the most important spiritual minority. No official has been ready to answer Forum 18’s questions on why Turkmenistan does not implement its binding worldwide human rights legislation obligations on freedom of faith and belief, and instead punishes individuals and communities for exercising freedom of religion and perception (see beneath). State program to make sure substantive equality for women, improve their role in social and political life has turn out to be a fundamental national and international legislative foundation. Constitution of Turkmenistan ensures providing women with equal rights and alternatives.

At the dawn of the 20th century, esoteric and occult philosophies and movements, together with Spiritualism, Theosophy, Anthroposophy, Hermeticism, Russian cosmism and others, turned widespread. At the same time the empire had begun to make steps in the direction of the popularity of the multiplicity of religions that it had come to encompass, but they got here to an abrupt finish with the Russian Revolution in 1917. After the revolution, the Russian Orthodox Church misplaced its privileges, as did all minority religions, and the new state verged in the direction of an atheist official ideology. Under the Soviet Union, the Russian Orthodox Church lived durations of repression and durations of help and cooptation by the state.

Whether you’re on the lookout for a serious relationship or wife, don’t let life move you by. Create a free profile at present, begin searching pictures, and make contact with somebody particular. As was mentioned with respect to other countries, bills for foodstuff are a vital indication of household’s welfare. If these expenses exceed 20 p.c of earnings then the income can’t be thought-about as adequate. In our case, bills for foodstuff, on average, make up 43.2 % of income.

Women in Turkmen Culture

Although the UNFPA program has increased women’s access to contraception, general information of reproductive health stays low in the population, especially amongst younger people in certain elements of the nation. Niyazov declared the coverage to be a approach to assure high quality care due to a shortage of excellent docs. Although it is unclear whether and the way this presidential order might be executed, its implementation would additional limit entry of the millions of girls in Turkmenistan to reproductive well being and healing care. Compared regionally, knowledge show that women’s well being in Turkmenistan, and notably that of rural women, is considered to be the worst of all the previous Soviet Republics.

The authorities also fails to provide data relating to the number of women judges. Finally, the government has not supplied info on coaching for judges on issues concerning gender equality before the regulation.

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