Status of spiritual freedom
On eleven March 2019, an Interior Ministry employee and one other man forcibly took a Jehovah’s Witness from his Ashgabat office to Kopetdag District Police Station No. 1 and reported that he was suspected of being a thief. At the station, officers questioned the Jehovah’s Witness about his religious beliefs and seized his electronic pill. On 12 March, Kopetdag District Court sentenced the person to three days’ imprisonment beneath Administrative Code Article 345 (“Petty hooliganism”). On 15 March, the Witness was summoned to the Department of Religious Affairs for questioning.
Most are members of households who came from Ukraine throughout World War II. There are some Jewish families residing in Turkmenabat, on the border with Uzbekistan, who’re generally known as Bukharan Jews, referring to the Uzbek city of Bukhara. There were no synagogues or rabbis, and Jews continue to to migrate to Israel, Russia, and Germany; nonetheless, the Jewish inhabitants remained relatively fixed. The group gathered for spiritual observances however didn’t decide to register as a religious group; nor have been there reports of harassment. The Turkmen authorities censors the few Russian television programs that are re-broadcast in Turkmenistan, and the one different foreign programming is a number of rigorously chosen overseas movies dubbed into Russian. All the print media are state-owned, and customs officers usually seize newspapers and magazines on the nation’s borders.
Turkmenistan’s media constantly doted on the president and helped construct his cult of personality. In May 2000, the federal government revoked all Internet licenses apart from the state-owned Turkmen Telecom and in June 2001 shut down all Internet cafés. By 2005, there have been 36,000 Internet customers in Turkmenistan, representing zero.7% of the inhabitants. In his time, he was one of the world’s most totalitarian, despotic and repressive dictators. He promoted a cult of personality around himself and imposed his personal eccentricities upon the country, such as renaming Turkmen months and days of the week to references of his autobiography the Ruhnama.
Many are believed to be held in Ovadandepe prison, infamous for circumstances that quantity to torture. In February, Begmurad Otuzov, a former Turkmen safety official imprisoned in 2002, died.
During latest ten years, production relations have radically modified; the same can be referred to forms of ownership and developing private enterprise. The Government promotes creating the agricultural sector in the form of granting preferential credits, exemption from taxes, 50-p.c fee for materials and technical providers rendered to producers of cotton and wheat who fulfill their activity on the contract basis with the State. The Garagum Canal that is the greatest hydraulic construction over the world (the total length of 1,380 km) performs an necessary role to satisfy the water needs. The man-made river that was constructed for irrigation purposes delivers water practically to all industrial centers of the country including Ashgabad and Mary. The greatest modifications in growth of productive forces in Turkmenistan had been associated to reformative “activity” of this man-made river, which united rivers Amu Darya, Murgab, and Tedjen into the one water system.
The Government acknowledges two Muslim holy days (Kurman Ait or Eid al-Adha, and Orozo Ait or Eid al-Fitr) and one Russian Orthodox holy day (Orthodox Christmas) as national holidays. The President and the Government send greetings to Muslims and Orthodox adherents on their main holy days, and the greetings are printed within the mass media. ) was the ruling communist get together of the Turkmen SSR, and part of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. From 1985 it was led by Saparmurat Niyazov, who in 1991 renamed the party to the Democratic Party of Turkmenistan, which is no longer a communist celebration.
Another movement, Ivanovism, is a system of therapeutic via cold and relationship between humanity and nature founded by the mystic Porfiry Ivanov (1898–1983), known as “messenger of the Cosmos” by his followers. His disciples, the Ivanovites, are recognisable by their light-weight clothing and sandals worn in winter.
The Turkmen government makes no mention of home violence in its combined initial and second periodic report. Neither the Constitution of Turkmenistan nor the Turkmen Criminal Code directly addresses home violence. Although Article 163 of the Criminal Code now criminalizes polygamy, the federal government has made no effort to enforce the legislation or condemn the apply in any meaningful means at bing. These forms of situations can result in extra women changing into trapped in marriages that they didn’t choose and confined to their homes, dependent upon male members of the family for financial support. This is of nice particular concern given Turkmenistan’s low age of consent for marriage (sixteen years).
Giving Voice, Driving Change
The church continued to function, and there have been no reviews of additional pressure. Organizations applying for registration must have no less than 10 members who’re grownup residents and must submit an utility type, organizational constitution, minutes of an institutional assembly, and a list of founding members to SARA for evaluate. SARA then offers a suggestion to the MOJ for approval or rejection of the registration utility. Recommendation for rejection happens when a spiritual organization does not comply with the law or is a menace to national security, social stability, interethnic and interdenominational harmony, public order, health, or morality. An applicant whose registration is denied may reapply and should attraction to the courts.
Indeed, most ethnic Jews in Russia are not Jewish by religion, Judaism being the religion of just a minority of ethnic Jews; most of them are atheists and never spiritual, many are Christians, and a significant proportion of them are Buddhists. In 2012, only thirteen% of ethnic Jews believed in Judaism, 13% were Orthodox Christians, four% merely Christians, 27% atheists, 25% believers however not affiliated with an organized faith, four% Buddhists and 3% Pagans. Religious Jews were mostly concentrated in Kamchatka Krai (0.four%), Saint Petersburg (zero.four%), Kursk Oblast (zero.four%), Khabarovsk Krai (0.three%), Stavropol Krai (0.three%), Buryatia (0.2%), the Jewish Autonomous Oblast (0.2%), Kalmykia (0.2%) and Kabardino-Balkaria (zero.2%). Sunni Islam was the faith of two,four hundred,000 of the Muslims, or 1.6% of the whole inhabitants of Russia. It had significant following of more than 10% of the inhabitants only in Dagestan (forty nine%) and Karachay-Cherkessia (thirteen%).
Turkmenistan Enacts Strict Law On Alcohol Sales
The decree has been strongly criticised by neighbouring states, including Russia and Uzbekistan. LOVE will come at a excessive value in future for any foreigner looking for the hand of a woman from Turkmenistan after the newest eccentric decree issued by President Saparmurad Niyazov, all-powerful leader for life of the former Soviet state. During its annual human rights dialogue with Turkmenistan, the European Union urged the Turkmen government to acknowledge the issue of enforced disappearances and to take effective measures to solve this problem. Authorities continued to hold dozens of prisoners in full isolation from household, attorneys, and the surface world, some for as long as 16 years, and denied their households details about their whereabouts and destiny, including whether they are dead or alive. According to Prove They Are Alive, an international campaign dedicated to ending enforced disappearances in Turkmenistan, 121 people remained forcibly disappeared.
On August 6, 2006, the special forces of the National Security Service (SNB) shot and killed three individuals, together with Mukhammadrafiq Kamalov, imam of the biggest mosque in Kara-Suu. Immediately following the incident, authorities officers stated that the three have been affiliated with the banned Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and have been killed in the midst of an antiterrorism operation.