The page that is first of enumeration guide contains a description associated with area covered

6. Places into the census

In the earlier years the quantity of information differs; they might include a listing of roads, and explain the path taken because of the enumerator, however in rural areas the description might merely read ‘The entire associated with parish of …’. From 1891 onwards you will find split parts for the description associated with boundaries for the ED, as well as a set of the roads or dwellings included.

7. Details, homes along with other buildings within the census

Exact addresses are not needed in 1841, just ‘place’. From 1851 an address that is exact needed, like the household title or number, if any. Nevertheless, in rural areas the only information offered nevertheless may be the title for the town or parish. Figures when you look at the left-hand column are itinerary figures, and may never be seen erroneously as home figures.

An email ended up being manufactured from structures that have been uninhabited, or under construction, in most census 12 months. In 1891 and 1901 the wide range of spaces in a dwelling had been detailed, if less than five. In 1911 the wide range of spaces is shown on all home schedules, as well as other info is into the Enumerators’ Overview Books, described in part 5, above.

From 1851 to 1901 a census entry for a unique home is suggested by way of a brand new routine quantity. In every census years except 1851 and 1911 the very last entry in a building is suggested with a double oblique line //, and where there was one or more home in just a building, they’ve been divided by just one line / that is oblique. In 1851 a relative line is ruled throughout the web page at the conclusion of the building, or half-way over the web web page between households in just a building.

Exemplory case of a census kind for vessels. This 1 ended up being utilized for the 1861 census to record the team associated with HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).

8. Vessels and organizations within the census

Special enumeration publications had been finished for institutions such as for example workhouses, barracks and hospitals in most census 12 months from 1851, including 1911. Unique schedules for vessels had been introduced in 1851, although none are recognized to endure from that 12 months, therefore in training 1861 ended up being the first 12 months to consist of returns from the Royal Navy and merchant delivery, at sea plus in ports in the home and abroad. As a result of the problems of gathering enumeration publications from vessels in distant ports, shipping comes back will tend to be incomplete.

In 1861 all returns through the Royal Navy and from vendor vessels are in the end associated with the series, but from then on vessels in house ports are detailed at the conclusion associated with districts where these were moored, and just those who work in international waters are grouped together by the end regarding the show.

There aren’t any surviving documents for Royal Navy vessels in international waters in 1891.

In 1901 Royal Navy vessels in foreign waters are detailed alphabetically, and there aren’t any returns for vessels between HMS Amphion and HMS tall Flyer. But, a copy that is duplicate of enumeration of HMS Cygnet in 1901 had been provided for the overall enter Office by the Admiralty and is contained in RG 19/20.

The finished census kind recording the team regarding the HMS Beagle (catalogue guide RG 9/1085).

1911 ended up being the census that is first the British Army overseas had been enumerated; formerly there is merely a headcount.

9. Typical census terms and abbreviations

In addition into the terms and abbreviations described below, area 5 and part 7 for this guide describe other conventions found in the censuses.

Relationships (from 1851)

In training, your head for the home ended up being usually the earliest male, but not fundamentally. Everybody else, whether spouse, son, anyone or servant else, needs to have been described in terms of this individual, but this is not necessarily implemented accurately. In three-generation families children that are young be shown as ‘son’ or ‘daur’ (daughter) when they’re actually the grandchildren associated with mind. ‘Son (or daughter)-in-law’ can mean a stepchild, plus the spouse associated with the head’s children that are own. A boarder is an individual who resides in the home it is perhaps maybe maybe not a member of family or servant, while a lodger just rents space or spaces, however these terms in many cases are used interchangeably.

Condition (as to marriage)

Mar or M – married

Unm, Un or U – unmarried (replaced by S for solitary from 1891)

Wid or W – widowed

‘Divorced’ wasn’t a category that is official and will not feature into the analytical tables, but does appear sometimes in this line in later census years.

Rank, career or occupation

There had been specific instructions on recording additional details for all vocations; particularly the occupations, the military, general general public servants and anyone associated with agriculture or production. Sometimes the clerks within the Census Office altered or expanded these definitions to designate them to a single regarding the groups into the Registrar General’s category of vocations for the census 12 months.

They are probably the most typical terms and abbreviations based in the ‘Rank occupation or career’ column:

Ag lab – agricultural labourer

Annuitant – living on earnings from assets

Ap or App – apprentice

FS, MS – found in the 1841 census for ‘female servant’ and servant that is‘male’

FWK – also in 1841, for ‘framework knitter’ an occupation that is common the East Midlands

Gentleman – Usually denotes somebody residing on a earnings from assets, or resigned from business, but does not have any definition that is official

Ind or Independent – ‘Of independent means’

J – journeyman; an individual who had finished an apprenticeship but had not been a master having a continuing company and apprentices of the very own

Pensioner – often means an army pensioner; other kinds of pensioner are often recognized as such, including Greenwich Pensioner (naval pensioner), authorities pensioner an such like. Senior years retirement benefits had been introduced in 1908, therefore the term ‘old age pensioner’ seems the very first time in 1911

10. Why can’t we find my ancestor into the census?

there are lots of reasons that explain why you may maybe not find someone into the census. Study our blog post ‘Missing through the census?’ or view our webinar, additionally called ‘Missing through the census?’, to find exactly just how information may be missed or modified, also to discover strategies for more successful researching.

There are many pages lacking from all censuses, but 1861 has suffered many.

Lacking from 1861 census

You may use The National Archives catalogue to discover which parishes or districts are recognized to be lacking through the 1861 census single latin women. Make use of the keyword ‘missing’ to search within series RG 9 inside our catalogue. You are able to recognize pages that are considered to be lacking within some enumeration districts using the phrase that is exact pages’ within RG 9.

Lacking from 1841 census: Wrexham

The 1841 census returns when it comes to entire registration region of Wrexham, Denbighshire, had been considered to be lacking. Nonetheless, the enumeration that is original for the city of Wrexham had been found in a bookshop, and tend to be now deposited when you look at the Denbighshire Archives. a transcript that is indexed been posted by the Clwyd genealogy Society, and a duplicate can be obtained in the National Archives.

Lacking from other censuses

As with all the 1861 census, you can make use of our catalogue to find the record show for just about any other census year to discover more on entire parishes or districts which can be regarded as lacking, but when compared with 1861 there clearly was less information about odd pages that are missing. Usage section 11 to ascertain which National Archives record series to search within and search utilising the term ‘missing’.

To get more assistance with how exactly to search our catalogue, browse Discovery search assistance.

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